In 1624, the Dutch people were the first to settle the place now known as New York, in particular along the Hudson River. After two years, they founded the colony of the Manhattan Island and New Amsterdam. Later in 1664, the English has taken control of the area, ultimately renaming it New York.
New York was part of the original 13 colonies. It played a pivoting strategic and political role throughout the American Revolution. Between the period of 1892 and 1954, New York was witness to millions immigrating to the state. Immigrants arrived in New York Harbor, and they gained passage through Ellis Island to become U.S. citizens. New York City is the state’s largest city, and the capital is Albany.
The Lenape were the first settlers and the first native of New York. They were an Algonquin people whose expertise included hunting, fishing and farming in the areas found between the Hudson and Delaware rivers. In the 16th century, Europeans started to explore and traverse the region. Among the first Europeans was Giovanni da Verrazzano.
He was an Italian who sailed the Atlantic coast to search a route to Asia. However, no one settled in the area until 1624. That same year, some 30 families were sent by the Dutch West India Company to live and work in a minute settlement found on “Nutten Island”, which is known today as the Governors Island. The tiny settlement was called New Amsterdam.
In 1626, Governor General Peter Minuit of the settlement, bought the much bigger Manhattan Island from the natives. It cost 60 guilders in trade goods including farming equipment, tools, “wampum” and cloth. There were no more than 300 people who lived in New Amsterdam when they moved to Manhattan. However, the population grew exponentially. In the 1760, the city, now known as New York City, has surpassed Boston, becoming the second largest city out of all the American Colonies.
Some 50 years following the population explosion, New York had amassed a population of 202,589. It has become the biggest city on the Western part of the planet. These days, over eight million people live in the city of New York.
Population: 19.8 million as of 2015
Year Founded: 1624
The flag of New York is basically the Coat of Arms put on a solid blue background. New York’s state seal is the coat of arms encircling the word “The Great Seal of the State of New York”. Meanwhile, New York’s Coat of Arms was originally adopted in 1778. It appears as a component of the flag and the seal of the state. The shield exhibits a masted ship alongside a sloop on a Hudson River, which represents the inland as well as the foreign commerce. The shield comprises of two supporters; the Liberty with Revolutionary imagery and the Justice wearing a blindfold. The banner seen below the shield has the motto “Excelsior”, which literally means higher or lordly.
Annual Gross State Product: $1.44 trillion as of2015
Ethnic Groups in The State: White American, African American, Asian American, Pacific Islander, Hispanic, African, English, Italian, German, English
Main Industries and Source of Income: Financial Services, Health Care, Professional and Technical Services, Retail Trade, Manufacturing, Educational Services, Scientific Service, Food Service
Cities, Towns, And Areas
Hudson(97) Ogdensburg(5251) Rochester(8757)Alabama (292)Alban(6971)Albany(330540)Albion(280)Albion And Gaines(9049)Alexander(4448)Alfred (5561)Alfred Sta(145)Almond(1889)Ambierville(1739)Amity(3569)Amsterdam (10231)Amsterdam City(16557)Anchorage(18)Ancram(43)Andes (1771)Angelica(1798)Annsville(79)Apo(40)Apo Ae(20)Arcade (80)Ashland (48)Astoria(245)Auburn(41938)Augusta(5250)Aurelius(1911)Austerlitz(56)Babylon(136951)Bainbridge(4156)Ballston(618)Batavia (54504)Bath(6306)Beacon (12936)Bedford(12898)Belfast (3540)Bellmore(2289)Bergen (2320)Berlin (1834)Berne (290)Bethel(1791)Bethlehem(2321)Binghamton(183314)Black Brook(1800)Bliss (2140)Blooming Grove(3795)Bolton(1783)Bombay (20)Boonville(6217)Bouckville(26)Bovina Center(1820)Brantingham (24)Breezy Point(19)Brewster (24853)Briarcliff Manor(1905)Bridgehampton(3575)Bridgewater (31)Brighton(10495)Bronx(1917)Bronxville(4610)Brookhaven(118314)Brooklyn (120331)Buffalo (640791)Burlington(129)Burns(1891)Busti(7111)C(193)Cairo (1892)Callicoon 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Somerset(3905)Town Of Trenton(3799)Troy(43035)Tuxedo Park (507)Union Springs(3498)United States Military Acade(3502)Urbana(5338)Utica (431)Utica(116740)Van Buren(331)Victory(18)Walton(7965)Wantagh(12248)Warren(73)Warrensburg(17)Warwick(2902)Watertown (86363)Waverly (3779)Wawarsing(75)Wawayanda(4146)Webb(5277)Wells(1750)Wellsville(3755)West Of Norwich(1854)West Turin(20)Whitestown(349)Williston Park(177)Wilmington(1752)Woodbury(6325)Woodhaven (1272)Yonkers(1759)Yorktown(5952)
Historical Landmarks :
Canfield Casino and Congress Park
Camp Pine Knot
Adams Power Plant Transformer House, Adirondack Forest Preserve, Armour-Stiner House, Bennington Battlefield, Boughton Hill, Dr. Oliver Bronson House and Estate, John Brown Farm and Gravesite, Buffalo and Erie County Historic Society Building, Buffalo State Hospital, John Burroughs’ Riverby Study, Chautauqua Historic District, Frederick E. Church House, Cobblestone Historic District, Colonial Niagara Historic District, Thomas Cole House, Aaron Copland House, Roscoe Conkling House, John William Draper House, George Eastman House, Gardner Earl Memorial Chapel and Crematorium, Fort Massapeag Archeological Site, Fort Montgomery, Fort Orange Archeological Site, Fort Stanwix, General Electric Research Laboratory, James Hall Office, John A. Hartford House, Holland Land Office, Franklin B. Hough House, Hudson River Historic District, Hurley Historic District, John Jay Homestead, Kleinhans Music Hall, Knox Headquarters, Lake Mohonk Mountain House, Darwin D. Martin House
Tourist Destinations :
Statue of Liberty
Empire State Building
Brooklyn Heights Promenade
New York Botanical Garden
Chrysler Building, Fifth Avenue, New York Public Library, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn Flea, Coney Island Cyclone, Bronx Zoo Wildlife Conservation Society, Staten Island Ferry, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Flushing Meadows – Corona Park, South Street Seaport Museum, The High Line, Rockefeller Center, Shubert Alley, St Patrick’s Cathedral
Modes of Transportation: highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways, and aviation
Notable Personalities : Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook Founder), Scarlett Johansson (Actress), Donald Trump (U.S. President), Jimmy Kimmel (Host), Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Women’s Rights Activist), Sojourner Truth (Civil Rights Activist), David Cassidy (Actor), Alicia Keys (Musician), Jay-Z (Musician), Susan Sarandon (Film Actress), Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (NBA Legend), Lou Gehrig (Baseball Player), Michael Jordan (NBA Legend), Lady Gaga (Songwriter/Singer), Kerry Washington (Actress), Mel Gibson (Actor), Lin-Manuel Miranda (Theater Actor), Denzel Washington (Actor), Viggo Mortensen (Actor), Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (Former U.S. First Lady), Jimmy Fallon (Host), Stan Lee (Comic Legend), Franklin D. Roosevelt (U.S. President), Mary Higgins Clark (Writer), Mariah Carey (Singer), Vincent D’Onofrio (Actor), Rudolph Giuliani (Mayor), Al Pacino (Actor), Howard Dean (Governor), Calvin Klein (Designer), Olivia Wilde (Actress), Ben Stiller (Actor)
New York is a state located in the northeastern part of the United States. It is the 27th most extensive state in the U.S. In terms of population, it ranks fourth. It is likewise the seventh most thickly-populated state in the United States. The state is most often called as the “New York State” to distinguish it from the New York City. New York City is the state’s most populous city in the state.
New York City remains to be the most populous city in the United States. It also serves as the number one go-to for legal immigration across the country. In addition, the New York Metropolitan Area is one of the most packed urban groups on Earth. The City of New York is considered a Global City for its significant impact in various trades such as commerce, finance, art, media, research, finance and entertainment.
Many landmarks seen in New York are popular both among local and foreign visitors. In 2013, four of New York’s top tourist destinations are included in the list of the World’s Ten Most-Visited Tourist Attractions. They were Central Park, Times Square, Grand Central Terminal and Niagara Falls. The state is also home to the Statue of Liberty. It is a symbol of the ideals of freedom, opportunity and democracy of the entire United States of America.
Interesting Facts About New York
- New York’s nickname is “Empire State”
- The state tree is the Sugar Maple tree
- The state flower is Rose
- The state bird is the Bluebird
- The amount of license to operate a taxicab in New York is $1 million
- The NYC Jewish population is the largest on Earth outside Israel
- New York City will pay for a one-way plane ticket for people who are homeless if they guarantee they have a place to stay
- One out of 38 people in the United States lives in New York City
- Every four minutes, there is a birth in the city of New York
- The first ever American chess tourney was held in New York in 1843
- In 1861, Matthew Vassar, a brewer, founded Vassar College located in Poughkeepsie